Proponents of the Paleo Diet contend that if people turn their back on modern diet, health issues like heart disease, diabetes and obesity will be eliminated. Researchers looking into the feasibility of the Paleolithic diet used their knowledge of science and anthropology, whilst studying modern tribes who still adhere to the hunter-gatherer way of life.
While a lot of these tribes still exist in different parts of the world, a group of researchers chose to focus on the Hadza tribe of central Tanzania. After all, it is widely believed that the first human species evolved in the African continent, since it is where most major archaeological artefacts and prehistoric fossils of hominids were discovered.
The Hadza tribe live in the tropical forest of Tanzania subsisting mainly on meat from game animals, tubers, fruits and honey. While it’s difficult to replicate the paelolithic diet of the prehistoric times, traditional tribal food provided the basis for conceptualizing its basic composition.
A Quick Look at Common Tribal Diets
Plant seeds, nuts, tubers, and wild-grown barley were pounded into flour using stone tools. It is believed that back then, the ancient people were able to process and cook these foods after they discovered fire.
Small game animals are the main animals eaten because they are readily available, although studies show that animal meat makes up only 3% of tribal diets. There are no dairy products here because the people are not into domesticating animals.
In coastal regions, shellfish and other smaller fish is a major component of traditional tribal diet. In addition and common to all tribes in different regions, edible insects form part of tribal diets serving as their fallback food as they can also provide many nutritional benefits.
Determining the Clinical Significance of the Paelo Diet
To determine the clinical significance of the Paleo diet, one study recruited more that 2,000 people to participate in two groups (Mediterranean and Paleolithic) whose members consumed specific foods matching the specific diet pattern. The overall clinical results were not so different in both groups, although the researchers say that consumers of a Paleo diet showed signs of reduced oxidative stress and decrease in indicators for all-cause mortality, including colon cancer.
Apparently, the Paleo diet is a good dietary pattern to follow as part of a weight loss plan that do not involve dieting and fasting. Aside from lifestyle changes such as getting enough sleep, cutting down consumption of alcoholic beverages and not smoking, make the Paleo diet work for you by engaging in more physical activities.
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